美國約翰霍普金斯大學小兒發燒衛教

美國約翰霍普金斯大學小兒發燒衛教

給父母的建議

  1. 發燒是身體對抗感染的自然防衛系統,可以提升免疫力。高溫環境不利細菌跟病毒生長。
  2. 發燒本身不是疾病,只是疾病的一種表現。
  3. 對有些孩子來說,發燒跟癲癇及脫水有關,但發燒本身不會造成腦部受損或是死亡。
  4. 請勿輪流使用acetaminophen以及ibuprofen退燒 (譯註:只採用其中一種退燒。六個月以下請勿使用ibuprofen)

何時應跟您的小兒科醫生聯絡:

  1. 三個月以下的嬰兒肛溫超過38C
  2. 小孩很嗜睡或很躁動
  3. 發燒超過三天以上
  4. 有其他像是喉嚨痛、耳朵痛、腹痛、尿痛等症狀
  5. 液體攝取減少並且24小時內使用小於4塊尿布或是醒著時尿兩次以下
  6. (不管有沒有發燒)小孩活動力下降或是呼吸困難令你擔心

GUIDE FOR PARENTS:

A brief but important talk on a “hot topic": Your child’s fever

  • Fever is the body’s natural way of fighting infection. It stimulates the immune system, and bacteria and viruses do not grow well in elevated temperatures.
  • Fever is a sign of illness, not a disease.
  • In some children, fever can be associated with a seizure or dehydration, but fever will not lead to brain damage or death.
  • Do not alternate acetaminophen and ibuprofen to treat fever.

When to call the doctor

Fever itself will not harm your child and does not necessarily require treatment. But you should call the pediatrician if:

  • Your child is under 3 months of age and has a rectal temperature of 38 Degrees C (100.4 Degrees F) or higher.
  • Your child is lethargic or irritable.
  • Fever has been present for longer than three days.
  • Your child also has symptoms such as sore throat, ear pain, abdominal pain, or pain when urinating.
  • Your child is drinking less fluid than usual and has had fewer than four wet diapers in the past 24 hours or two urinations during waking hours.
  • You are worried that your child is less active than normal or is having trouble breathing, whether or not he (she) has a fever.

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